Buffalo, NY -- Temperatures will continue to be very warm with near record warmth this week. High temperatures are expected to be near to around 90 degrees F.
Governor Cuomo has issued a heat advisory for New York State.
PHOTO GALLERY: WNYers Keeping Cool During Hot Temps This Week (http://on.wgrz.com/1dAxE3f)
There could be a four day stretch of 90 degree days into this week.
This doesn't happen too often when looking back at the number of days Buffalo (airport) reaches at least 90 degrees. So far this year of 2013 there have now been two days in the 90s, which was on Sunday 91 and Monday 90.
In 2012 there were 8 days in the 90s which was a very warm season. In 2011 there were 2 days, in 2010 there was one day, and in 2009 and 2008 there were 0 days.
Monday's high temperature of 90 degrees F isn't as close to the daily record high of 97 set back in 1995, but Tuesday's high temperature of 91 degrees F, will be very close to the daily record high of 93 set back in 1988.
Wednesday's high temperature of 90 degrees F, will be close to the daily record high of 94 set back in 1957.
The City of Buffalo is offering some relief for their residents. The splach pads will be open an additional hour through Wednesday, July 17, 2013, closing at 8 p.m. All city pools are also open, with hours extended only at Centennial pool until 8 p.m. on Wednesday. There are also three air conditioned cooling centers are also open through Wednesday at the following locations: Richmond/Summer Senior Citizens Center, Schiller Park Senior Center and CRUCIAL. Details attached.
On Sunday's high temperature in Buffalo reached 91 degrees F, which is close to the daily record high of 92 set back in 2005.
Heat index values will be in the mid to upper 90s through Wednesday, so it will feel very hot and humid outside for several days and even at night with lows around 70.
Here are some tips offered by NYS officials to help keep cool this week:
•Slow down on strenuous activity and exercise, especially during the sun's peak hours - 11 a.m. to 4 p.m.
•Exercise in the early morning between 4-7 a.m.
•Eat less protein and more fruits and vegetables - protein produces and increases metabolic heat, which can cause water loss. Eat small meals, but eat more often. Do not eat salty foods.
•Drink at least 2-4 glasses of water per hour during extreme heat, even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid beverages containing alcohol or caffeine.
•If possible, stay out of the sun and stay in air conditioning. The sun heats the inner core of your body, resulting in dehydration. If air-conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor, out of the sunshine, or go to a public building with air conditioning.
•If you must go outdoors, wear sunscreen with a high sun protector factor rating (at least SPF 15) and a hat to protect your face and head. When outdoors, wear loose-fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothing. Cover as much skin as possible to avoid sunburn and over-warming effects of sunlight on your body.
•Do not leave children, pets or those who require special care in a parked car or vehicle during periods of intense summer heat - temperatures inside a closed vehicle can reach over 140 degrees Fahrenheit quickly. Exposure to high temperatures can kill within a matter of minutes.
•Make an effort to check on your neighbors, especially if they are elderly, have young children or have special needs.
•Make sure there is enough water and food for pets and limit their exercise.
PEOPLE WHO SHOULD BE AWARE
•Elderly persons and small children are mostly affected.
•Persons with weight or alcohol problems are very susceptible to heat reactions.
•Persons on certain medications or drugs.
HEAT HEALTH HAZARDS
•Heat Stroke: Also known as sunstroke - can be life threatening. Body temperature can rise and cause brain damage; death may result if not cooled quickly. Signals include hot, red, and dry skin; changes in consciousness; rapid, weak pulse, and shallow breathing. Relief for lowering body temperature can be with a cold bath or sponge.
•Heat Exhaustion: Less dangerous than heat stroke, heat exhaustion usually occurs when people exercise too heavily or work in warm, humid places where body fluids are lost. Signals include cool, moist, pale or flushed skin; heavy sweating; headache; nausea or vomiting; dizziness and exhaustion. If symptoms occur, get the victim out of sun, and apply cool, wet cloths.
•Sunburn: Sunburn slows the skin's ability to cool itself. Signals include redness and pain; in severe cases, swelling of skin, blisters, fever, and headaches can occur. Ointments can be a relief for pain in mild cases. A physician should see serious cases.
•Heat Cramps: Muscular pains and spasms caused by heavy exertion. Loss of water and salt from sweating causes cramping. Signals are abdominal and leg muscle pain. Relief can be firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massages to relieve cramping.
•Power outages are more likely to occur during warm weather, when utility usage is at its peak. To avoid putting a strain on the power grid, conserve energy to help prevent power disruptions.
•Set your air conditioner thermostat no lower than 78 degrees. Only use the air conditioner when you are home.
•Turn non-essential appliances off - only use appliances that have heavy electrical loads early in the morning or very late at night.
For more information, visit State OEM's Heat Safety Tips at http://www.dhses.ny.gov/oem/safety-info/publicsafety/heataware.cfm.